Jeffrey A Karson
Professor, Earth Sciences
Research and Teaching Interests Courses
Volcanoes and Earthquakes (EAR 225)
Structural Geology (EAR 333)
Oceanic Lithosphere & Ophiolites (EAR432/632)
The Art & Science of Lava, with Robert Wysocki (HRN 340/350)
M.S. (Geology) State University of New York at Albany (SUNYA), 1975
Ph.D. (Geology) State University of New York at Albany, 1977
Department Chair and Jessie Page Heroy Professor, Department of Earth Sciences, Syracuse University, 2007-2013
Fellow, Geological Society of America, 2006
Professor, Division of Earth & Ocean Sciences, Nicholas School of the Environment & Earth Sciences, Duke University, 1996-2006
Department Chair, Department of Earth & Ocean Sciences, Duke University, 1996-2000
Research Fellow, Danish Lithosphere Center, 1994-2000
Professor, Department of Geology, Duke University, 1992-1996
Associate Professor, Department of Geology, Duke University, 1986-92
Associate Scientist, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-86
Summer Faculty Fellow, Department of Geology & Planetology, Jet Propulsion Lab, California Institute of Technology, 1984 and 1985
Assistant Scientist, Department of Geology & Geophysics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-84
Postdoctoral Scholar, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-80
Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Toronto, 1977-79
Selected Recent Publications
Horst, A.J., Varga, R.J. and Karson, J.A., A broken bookshelf mechanism to accommodate large rotations of crustal blocks in the Tjörnes Fracture Zone of northern Iceland, Tectonics, in review, 2016
Karson, J.A., Crustal accretion of thick, mafic crust in Iceland: Implications for volcanic rifted margins, Can. J. Earth Sci., 53, 1-11, doi:doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2016-0039, 2016.
Karson, J.A., D.S. Kelley, D.J. Fornari, M.J. Perfit and T.M. Shank, Discovering the Deep: A Photographic Atlas of the Seafloor and Oceanic Crust, Cambridge University Press, 2015
Karson, J.A., Geology of the Oceanic Crust, in Bickford, M.E., Geological Society of America, Special Paper, in preparation, 2015.
Worman, S.L., Pratson, L.F., Karson, J.A. and Klein, E.M., Global rate and distribution of H2 gas produced by serpentinization within oceanic lithosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 12, 6435-6443, doi;10.1002/2016GL06906612, 2016.
Horst, A. J., R. J. Varga, J. S. Gee, J. A. Karson, Diverse magma flow directions during construction of sheeted dike complexes at fast- to superfast-spreading centers, Earth Planet Sci. Let., 408, 119-131, 2014.
Edwards, B.R., J.A. Karson, R.J. Wysocki, E. Lev, I. Bindemen and U. Kueppers, Insights on lava-ice/snow interactions from large-scale basaltic melt experiments, Geology, doi:10.1130/G34305.1, 2013.
Karson, J.A., K.L.C. Bell, A.F. Nanfito, D. Joyce, M. Cunha, J. Cristobo and E. Manhon, In search of serpentinization on Gorringe Bank, in Bell, K.L.C., K. Elliot, C. Martinez and S.A. Fuller, eds., New Frontiers in Ocean Exploration: The E/V Nautilus and NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer 2011 Field Season, Oceanography, 25 (1), supplement, 38-39, 2012.
Karson, J.A. and R.J. Wysocki, Do-it-Yourself Lava Flows: Science, art, and education in the Syracuse University Lava Project, EARTH, 57, 9, 38-45, 2012
Lev, E., M. Spiegelman, R.J. Wysocki, and J.A. Karson, Investigating lava flow rheology using video analysis and numerical flow models, J. Volcanology Geothermal Res., 247-248, 62-73, 2012.
Siler, D.L. and J.A. Karson, Focused subsidence during Tertiary crustal construction in the magmatic rift zones of Iceland: Structure and stratigraphy of the Vatnsdalur Flexural Basin, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., 124, doi:10.1130/B30562.1, 2012.
Christeson, G.L., J.A. Karson, and K.D. McIntosh, Mapping of seismic layer 2A/2B boundary above the sheeted dike unit at intermediate-spreading crust exposed near the Blanco Transform, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G-Cubed), 11, Q03015, doi: 10.1029/2009GC002864, 2010.
Siler, D.L. and J.A. Karson, Three-dimensional structure of inclined sheet swarms: Implications for crustal thickening and subsidence in the volcanic rift zones of Iceland, J. Volcanology Geothermal Res., 188, 333–346, 2009.